Neuroscience today is an exciting field that aims to answer some of the most fundamental questions in human history. Questions that are related to the world within us, spanning from our perceptions to our sensations and emotions to our decision makings and actions. These questions are often addressed with reductionist tools probing and manipulating the neural systems from the lowest level of genes, biological molecules and neurotransmitters to neurons and glia to large scale circuits and behavior.
School of cognitive science (SCS) at IPM is Iran's premiere research institution studying the function and structure of nervous system. Established in 1996 as 'school of intelligent systems', it aimed to study in artificial and biological intelligence long before recent AI revolution. Later in 2001 a decision was made to have the center focus on the brain as the most complex system known in the universe. SCS initiated the field of neuroscience in Iran and during its existence has trained a large number of researchers in this field among which are the world-renowned Iranian neuroscientists and has made substantial contribution to the field internationally with publications appearing in influential journals such as Nature, Neuron and PNAS.
Currently the school hosts over 30 researchers including PhD students, post docs and faculty members covering theoretical as well as experimental neuroscience methodologies. Research models include humans, Macaque monkeys and rodents and methodologies include psychophysics, functional MRI and electrophysiology. The hope is that the knowledge gained from such diverse levels of research models and methodologies help with understanding the most fascinating organ of our body i.e. our brain and enables us to repair or boost brain's performance and to mimic the neural processes in artificial systems.